Steel that has been alloyed with additional elements (alloying elements) in order to increase strength, hardness, wear resistance, and toughness is known as alloy steels supplier. Typically, the amount of additional alloying elements added to the basic iron and carbon structure makes up no more than 5% of the alloy steel’s material makeup.
Alloy Steel Advantages
There is an alloy steel that offers the attributes you seek, whether your project calls for increased corrosion resistance, machinability, strength, or another trait. With additional heat treatment, alloy steels can offer a number of advantageous characteristics, such as:
- Enhanced corrosion resistance
- Increased hardenability
- Superior strength and hardness
High & Low Alloy Steel Differentiating Qualities
Alloying elements, which do not include carbon or iron, account for more than 8% of the composition of high alloy steel. Because most steel only devotes a small percentage of its composition to the extra elements, these alloys are less prevalent. The most widely used high alloy, having at least 10.5 percent chromium by mass, is stainless steel. With a chromium oxide coating to prevent rusting, this ratio increases the corrosion resistance of stainless steel.
Other elements are just minimally added to low alloy steel, giving it small advantages in hardenability, strength, and free machining. Low alloy steel will maintain its strength and feature better formability by reducing the carbon content to roughly 0.2 percent.
Common Steel Alloying Elements
When it comes to steel, a variety of other components can be combined with the basic substance, allowing the buyer to experiment with variations until the ideal alloy is discovered. The following are typical alloying components:
- Manganese: The steel alloy becomes less brittle and easier to hammer when combined with trace levels of sulfur and phosphorus.
- Chromium: A little amount (0.5 percent to 2 percent) can aid in the alloy’s hardening; higher amounts (4 percent to 18 percent) also have the additional benefit of inhibiting corrosion.
- Vanadium: With just.15 percent, this metal can improve grain structure, strength, and heat resistance. The steel alloy hardens significantly when combined with chromium while keeping its formability.
- Nickel: This alloying ingredient will increase the steel’s strength by up to 5%. It has exceptional corrosion resistance at around 12 percent.
- Tungsten: Increases heat resistance, raising the melting point. enhances the steel’s structural makeup as well.